Larkin And Lacey Frontera Funds

Larkin and Lacey Frontera Fund is an initiative founded by business partners and the pioneers of Phoenix New Times Michael Lacey and Jim Larkin. Both were students at the Arizona state university when they started the phoenix new times weekly magazine to cover the ultra-conservative local media’s coverage of student anti-war protest.

The paper grew from covering the university unrest to highlighting social and political issues attracting a significant number of readers across the state.

It was during one of the coverages of the paper on a grand jury subpoenas that targeted the papers writers, editors and to some extent, the readers, that the two were put behind bars on the night of October 18, 2007.

As a result of a loud public outcry on the arrest, Lacey and Larkin were released, and all charges dropped. This article aims to cover the birth of the Frontera fund that was as a result of the arrest of the two founders and its activities at funding all social justice groups that advocate for the civil, human and immigration rights.

Larkin and Lacey Frontera Fund is a foundation that supports groups that fight and advocate for the rights of the immigrants in Arizona state and America as a whole.

The organization came into light after Lacey and Larkin’s case got a ruling in their favor by the Maricopa County a total of $3.75 million as a settlement to a wrongful accusation by the Maricopa County Sheriff Joe Arpaio. Read more: Michael Lacey | LinkedIn and Jim Larkin |

Both journalists used the proceeding paid to them to form the Frontera fund with the aim of settling the Latin American groups throughout the state of Arizona.

The immigrants had a hard time in the County and were subject to wrongful arrest in the Maricopa state prison that was under Sheriff Joe.

The jail was in a deteriorating condition unfit for the stay of the immigrants, but the anti-immigrant sheriff went ahead to arrest them where he subjected them to racial profiling, mistreatment, and deaths of jail inmates.

Having grown up in the state, Larkin had had a first-hand experience of the suffering of the Hispanic community hence the wish to help the less fortunate in the County who had experienced the brutality of the state police. It was in 2014 that the initiative started issuing out more funds to nonprofit groups that advocate for the immigrants civil and human rights.

One of the groups that benefitted on funds from the Frontera group is the American Immigration Council. It is a Washington D.C based nonprofit organization that works hard towards honoring immigrates in the United States and also helping the citizens to embrace and act right towards the Hispanic community. Learn more about Jim Larkin and Michael Lacey: and

Its activities are a success through education and international exchange programs that taught on the history of the immigrants and their possible contributions towards the American culture.

The aim of the group is promoting legal programs that support and encourage humane policies and achieving justice for immigrants under the law and also ensuring that they honor the constitution.

With the help of their lawyers, American immigration council has been able to liberate the Hispanic community from racists and other anti-immigration groups.

The future and the fate immigrants in the Arizona state and the whole of America has been addressed well with the help of the Lacey and Larkin Frontera Fund.

Police brutality has subsided, but I hope that more help groups will come into the light and help the Hispanic community to settle properly and enable them to work to support their families and also help steer America back to its glory.

The Ancient Mechanics Of War, The Trabuco

The trabuco is an ancient catapult, originally invented as a weapon of war in Portugal and in medieval England. They were assembled outdoors and built on wheels to travel in tow with the provisions, ammunition and other equipment, accompanied by soldiers on horses. The main purpose was to destroy the enemy’s masonry walls. Trabucos were used exclusively whenever war was imminent; kingdoms launched counterattacks, while hiding behind heavily reinforced masonry walls.

As opposing armies approached the targeted castle, moats were drawn in and armies launched fire, while perched high above. With the trabuco, the device was loaded with oversized stones, which were then propelled over and through the defensive structures. Due to force behind the trabuco, the stones effectively crushed entire walls in a single hit. Depending on the target, sometimes other materials were used instead of stones; this included flaming arrows, dead animal carcasses and molten tar.


Today, the term, “trabuco” is still used in Brazil to describe any type of large caliber shotgun, gibbet or revolver. When talking about medieval manual weapons of destruction, the phrase, “balancing trabuco,” is often used to differentiate from another similar device, the traction trabuco. Although, its origins are in ancient times, the mechanics behind the trabuco are very advanced. It wasn’t simply a matter of using large stones are a method of brute force. The stones were projected as a direct result of precisely balanced, gravitational energy. The trabuco worked in conjunction with weight transference and load bearing capabilities, which combined to form a basic form of kinetic energy. Builders weren’t scientists, they just applied basic principles of velocity and mass.

Trabuco can be thought of as evolved slingshots, the motion is the same, but the results weren’t haphazard. The trabuco was a finely tuned projectile, carefully constructed to hit targets with pinpoint accuracy. Now, mechanical engineers can create exact copies of this ancient device, using wood, PVC pipes, and titanium screws. Of course, trabucos aren’t used in the war anymore; now they’re made for public display, at outdoor learning exhibits or at Medieval fairs and shows according to

Learn more about Trabuco: